I – Introduction
NAT (Network Address Translation) is a method of remapping one IP address into another by modifying the IP header of packets while transmitting across routing devices. In IPV4, different devices in the same subnet can appear as a single device on the internet by using the NAT technique. NAT is a general and essential way to conserve global address space in the face of IPV4 address exhaustion.
And now, the exhaustion problem seems to be solved by the unlimited number of IPV6 address spaces available. Still, the NAT technique is valuable and useful for many IPV6 applications such as security checks in web browsing.
II – IPV6 NAT Proxy
In Linux system, the general way to implement an NAT operation is to use IPTABLES. But it only supports IPV4 until the IPV6 NAT proxy is accomplished by the SENAO network. The IPV6 NAT proxy is a kernel module registered in the netfilter. When the user triggers the HTTP request for web browsing, the IPV4 and IPV6 packets will flow into the netfilter, and the IPV6 NAT proxy will sniffer the IPV6 packet flow. By filtering out the HTTP IPV6 packet, the IPV6 NAT proxy will transfer the packet to a remote server by remapping the destination IPV6 address to the IPV6 address of the security server (see figure).
The remapping procedure includes calculating the TCP checksum of IPV6 packets while completing network address translation. IPV6 NAT proxy keeps the TCP connection tuple until the security server returns the checking result. Once the security server returns the positive result, the original packet will be sent out without the user noticing. Otherwise, the HTTP connection will be dropped by the IPV6 NAT proxy and the user will be blocked for browsing the fraud.
Besides translating to the security server, the IPV6 NAT proxy provides options to set different IPV6 addresses, IPV6 ports, the live time of the tuple and the maximum number of stored tuples for customization.
III – Conclusion
This article describes a simple way to implement an IPV6 NAT server without discussing full-cone NAT, restricted cone NAT, post-restricted cone NAT and symmetric NAT–as well as invokes the idea of using NAT in IPV6.
1. Network address translation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_address_translation
2. Getting the most out of IPV6 https://blog.paloaltonetworks.com/2015/08/getting-the-mostout-of-ipv6